Philippine Statistics Authority
Total Land Area: 2,201,463 ha
Provinces: 7
Cities: 13
Municipalities: 117
Barangays: 3,102
Agricultural Land Area: 552,104 ha.
Temporary Crop Land: 410,973 ha.
Idle Land: 4,790 ha.
Permanent Crop Land: 100,194 ha.
Meadows/Pasture: 5,801 ha.
Forest Land: 3,360 ha.
Other Land: 23,620 ha.
Population (2010)
Total Population: 10,137,737
Growth Rate (2000-2010): 2.14 percent
Climate: Type I, II, III
Dialect: Tagalog, Kapampangan, Sambal, Casiguranin, Ilocano
Poverty incidence among families (%) 2012: 10.10 percent
Geographical Background

Central Luzon occupies the central portion of the island of Luzon and is strategically located between Northern Luzon and National Capital Region. It is landlocked by Pangasinan and Nueva Vizcaya on the north; Metro Manila, Cavite and Rizal on the south; Aurora and Dingalan Bay on the east and Palauig Bay and Subic Bay on the west. It is bestowed with a combination of towering mountains, extinct and active volcanoes, lush verdant farmlands and natural sea harbors.

GRDP and GVA in Agriculture, Central Luzon, 2013
Item At Current Prices At Constant 2000 Prices
(in million pesos)
GRDP 1,018,224 607,545
GVA 178,012 103,125
GRDP = Gross Regional Domestic Product
GVA = Gross Value Added in Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing

Central Luzon accounted for 8.98 percent of the country's Gross Domestic Product in 2013. GRDP grew by 4.30 percent. Agriculture, Hunting,Forestry and Fishing sector comprised 16.97 percent of the regional economy and it went by 5.37 percent in 2013.

Production and Area, Central Luzon, 2013
Crop Production (metric ton) Area (hectare)
Palay 3,409,468 710,817
Corn 227,765 44,151

The region's palay production in 2013 at 3,409,468 metric tons was 5.86 percent higher than the 2012 level. Area harvested to palay at 710,817 hectares increased by 5.18 percent. Corn production went up to 227,765 metric tons in 2013 by 8.16 percent. Its area harvested at 44,151 hectares expanded by 9.07 percent.

Gross Output in Agriculture: Growth Rate by Subsector, Central Luzon, 2013
Sector Growth Rate 2013(percent)
Agriculture 5.69
Crops 4.13
Livestock 6.37
Poultry 8.63
Fisheries 2.78

In 2013, Central Luzon posted a 5.69 percent gain in agricultural output. The crops subsector with its 33.19 percent contribution to the region's agricultural production recorded an increment of 4.13 percent. The fisheries subsector which accounted for the smallest share at 16.26 percent grew up by 2.78 percent. Upward trends in production were likewise noted for the livestock and poultry subsectors by 6.37 percent and 8.63 percent, respectively.

Top Agricultural Commodities, Central Luzon, 2013
Commodity Name Production Growth Rate Share to Total Agricultural Output of the Region Rank of the Region in the National Production
---------- (in percent) ----------
Palay 5.86 25.00 1st
Chicken 8.84 26.25 1st
Hog 7.05 17.61 1st
Tiger Prawn 0.04 5.83 1st
Tilapia 3.57 4.73 1st
Chicken eggs 6.85 3.30 2nd

Central Luzon remained the top producer of palay, chicken, hog, tiger prawn and tilapia. Palay accounted for 25 percent of the region's agricultural output. Chicken and hog contributed 26.25 percent and 17.61 percent, respectively. Tiger prawn and tilapia had a combined share of 11 percent. For chicken eggs, the region ranked second in the national production.

Employment and Wages
Total Employment (CY2013)
	= 3,990,000 persons

Agricultural Employment
	= 846,000 persons

   By Sex:
	  Male = 669,000 persons
	  Female = 177,000 persons
Daily Agricultural Wage Rate by Sex, Central Luzon, 2013
Sex Nominal Real
(in pesos)
Male 347.99 256.96
Female 315.13 232.70
Both 344.50 254.39
Of the region's total employment in 2013, about 20 percent were in the agriculture sector. Of this, 80 percent were male agricultural workers.
Inflation Rate by Item, Central Luzon, 2013
Item Inflation Rate (2006 based)
(in percent)
All Items 2.7
Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverage 2.0
Rice 4.4
Corn (6.6)
Meat 1.8
Fish 0.7
Fruit 3.1
Vegetables 0.8
Costs and Returns of Production
Costs and Returns of Production, Central Luzon, 2012
Item Palay Corn (yellow)
(in pesos)
Cost of Production per Hectare 53,835 41,868
Cost of Production per Kilogram 11.30 6.78
Net Returns 30,333 36,073
Farmgate Price per Kilogram 17.66 12.62
  • Philippine Statistics Authority
  • Land Management Bureau
    - Total land area