Philippine Statistics Authority
Total Land Area: 2,201,463 ha
Provinces: 7
Cities: 13
Municipalities: 117
Barangays: 3,102
Agricultural Land Area: 552,104 ha.
Temporary Crop Land: 410,973 ha.
Idle Land: 4,790 ha.
Permanent Crop Land: 100,194 ha.
Meadows/Pasture: 5,801 ha.
Forest Land: 3,360 ha.
Other Land: 23,620 ha.
Population (2010)
Total Population: 10,137737
Growth Rate (2000-2010):  2.14 percent
Climate: Type I, II, III
Dialect: Tagalog, Kapampangan, Sambal, Casiguranin, Ilocano
Poverty incidence among families: 10.10 percent
Geographical Background

Central Luzon occupies the central portion of the island of Luzon and is strategically located between Northern Luzon and National Capital Region. It is landlocked by Pangasinan and Nueva Vizcaya on the north; Metro Manila, Cavite and Rizal on the south; Aurora and Dingalan Bay on the east and Palauig Bay and Subic Bay on the west. It is bestowed with a combination of towering mountains, extinct and active volcanoes, lush verdant farmlands and natural sea harbors.

GRDP and GVA in Agriculture, Central Luzon, 2012
Item At Current Prices At Constant 2000 Prices
(in million pesos)
GRDP 958,792 581,382
GVA 164,286 97,832
GRDP = Gross Regional Domestic Product
GVA = Gross Value Added in Agriculture, Fishery, and Forestry

Central Luzon accounted for 9.21 percent of the country's Gross Domestic Product in 2012. GRDP grew by 6.32 percent. Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing sector comprised 16.83 percent of the regional economy and it went by 9.13 percent.

Production and Area, Central Luzon, 2012
Crop Production (metric ton) Area (hectare)
Palay 3,220,607 675,781
Corn 210,574 40,481

The region's palay production in 2012 at 3,220,607 metric tons was 23.11 percent higher than the 2011 level. Area harvested to palay at 675,781 hectares increased by 9.56 percent. Corn production went up to 210,574 metric tons in 2012 by 11.71 percent. Its area harvested at 40,481 hectares expanded by 4.24 percent.

Gross Output in Agriculture: Growth Rate by Subsector, Central Luzon, 2012
Sector Growth Rate 2012(percent)
Agriculture 9.04
Crops 17.51
Livestock 8.24
Poultry 6.27
Fisheries 0.03

In 2012, Cenral Luzon posted a 9.04 percent gain in agricultural output. The crops subsector with its 33.69 percent contribution to the region's agricultural production recorded the biggest growth at 17.51 percent. The fisheries subsector which accounted for the smallest share at 16.72 percent inched up by 0.03 percent. Upward trend in production was likewise noted for the livestock and poultry subsectors.

Top Agricultural Commodities, Central Luzon, 2012
Commodity Name Production Growth Rate Share to Total Agricultural Output of the Region Rank of the Region in the National Production
---------- (in percent) ----------
Chicken 6.41 25.49 1st
Palay 23.11 24.96 1st
Hog 9.31 17.39 1st
Tiger Prawn (0.76) 6.16 1st
Tilapia (0.49) 4.83 1st
Chicken eggs 4.90 3.26 2nd

Central Luzon remained the top producer of palay, chicken, hog, tiger prawn and tilapia. Palay accounted for 25 percent of the region's agricultural output. Chicken and hog contributed 25.49 percent and 17.39 percent, respectively. Tiger prawn and tilapia had a combined share of 11 percent. For chicken eggs, the region ranked second in the national production.

Employment and Wages
Total Employment (CY2012)
	= 3,877,000 persons

Agricultural Employment
	= 820,000 persons

   By Sex:
	  Male = 659,000 persons
	  Female = 161,000 persons
Daily Agricultural Wage Rate by Sex, Central Luzon, 2012
Sex Nominal Real
(in pesos)
Male 312.40 237.02
Female 260.91 197.96
Both 307.36 233.20
Of the region's total employment in 2012, about 21 percent were in the agriculture sector. Of this, 80 percent were male agricultural workers.
Inflation Rate by Item, Central Luzon, 2012
Item Inflation Rate (2006 based)
(in percent)
All Items 3.4
Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverage 1.2
Rice (2.4)
Corn (1.3)
Meat 1.7
Fish 5.4
Fruit 4.1
Vegetables (1.6)
Costs and Returns of Production
Costs and Returns of Production, Central Luzon, 2012
Item Palay Corn (yellow)
(in pesos)
Cost of Production per Hectare 53,835 41,868
Cost of Production per Kilogram 11.30 6.78
Net Returns 30,333 36,073
Farmgate Price per Kilogram 17.66 12.62
  • Bureau of Agricultural Statistics
  • National Statistical Coordination Board
    - GRDP, GVA, and Poverty Incidence
  • Land Management Bureau
    - Total land area
  • National Statistics Office
    - Agricultural land area by land use, Population, Employment and Inflation rate