Philippine Statistics Authority
Total Land Area: 3,351,129 has.
Provinces: 5
Cities: 2
Municipalities: 116
Barangays: 2,490
Agricultural Land Area: 533,410 ha.
Temporary Crop Land: 282,687 ha.
Idle Land: 1,924 ha.
Permanent Crop Land: 235,761 ha.
Meadows/Pasture: 922 ha.
Forest Land: 2,407 ha.
Other Land: 6,919 ha.
Population (2010)
Total Population: 3,256,140
Growth Rate (2000-2010):  1.51 percent
Climate: Type III & IV
Dialect: Banguingui, Maguindanao, Maranao, Tausug, Yakan, Samal
Poverty incidence among families (%) 2012: 48.70 percent
Geographical Background

The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) is located in Southern part of the Philippines. It was created by virtue of the Republic Act No. 6734 which signed into Law by the Late President Cory C. Aquino on August 1, 1989. The plebiscite was conducted in the proposed area of ARMM on November 17, 1989. These were the provinces of Maguindanao, Lanao del Sur, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi.

The Region was strengthened and expanded through ratification of Republic Act No. 9054, amending for the purpose of Republic Act No. 6734, entitled "An Act Providing for the ARMM" as amended in September 2001. The plebiscite paved the way to the inclusion of the province of Basilan and the City of Marawi as part of ARMM.

GRDP and GVA in Agriculture, ARMM, 2013
Item At Current Prices At Constant 2000 Prices
(in million pesos)
GRDP 101,091 49,732
GVA 66,162 30,476
GRDP = Gross Regional Domestic Product
GVA = Gross Value Added in Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing

In 2013, ARMM contributed 0.74 percent to the country's Gross Domestic Product. GRDP increased by 3.57 percent. Agriculture, Hunting,Forestry and Fishing sector accounted for 61.28 percent of the regional economy. It recorded a 2.46 percent increase in 2013.

Production and Area, ARMM, 2013
Crop Production (metric ton) Area (hectare)
Palay 612,083 226,700
Corn 667,104 275,964

In 2013, palay production at 612,083 metric tons was 12.77 percent higher than 2012 level. Area harvested at 226,700 hectares increased by 11.78 percent. Corn production at 667,104 metric tons dropped by 12.77 percent. Area harvested was 275,964 hectares, it was reduced by 7.65 percent from the 2012 record.

Gross Output in Agriculture: Growth Rate by Subsector, ARMM, 2013
Sector Growth Rate 2012-2013 (percent)
Agriculture 2.78
Crops 3.21
Livestock (4.54)
Poultry 1.21
Fisheries 3.02

Agriculture in ARMM increased by 2.78 percent in 2013. This was due to the output increases in the crops, poultry and fisheries subsectors by 3.21 percent, 1.21 percent and 3.02 percent, respectively. The crop subsectors comprised the biggest share of 71.55 percent of the region's agricultural output. Meanwhile, production decline at 4.54 percent was noted for the livestock subsector.

Top Agricultural Commodities, ARMM, 2013
Commodity Production Growth Rate Share to Total Agricultural Output of the Region Rank of the Region in the National Production
---------- (in percent) ----------
Cassava 1.58 19.62 1st
Palay 12.27 14.99 6th
Coconut 1.23 12.66 11th
Corn (12.77) 12.27 4th
Seaweed (3.21) 5.66 1st

Cassava, palay, coconut, corn and seaweed were the top five commodities produced in the region. These commodities contributed 65.20 percent to the region's agricultural output. ARMM ranked 1st in the production of cassava and seaweed.

Employment and Wages
Total Employment (CY2013)
	= 1,229,000 persons

Agricultural Employment
	= 840,000 persons

   By Sex:
	  Male = 650,000 persons
	  Female = 190,000 persons
Daily Agricultural Wage Rate by Sex, ARMM, 2013
Sex Nominal Real
(in pesos)
Male 222.15 151.61
Female 232.48 158.66
Both 220.65 150.59
The 2013 employment in ARMM totalled 1,229,000 persons, of which 68.35 percent were employed in agriculture. Majority of the agricultural workers at 77.38 percent were males.
Inflation Rate by Item, ARMM, 2013
Item Inflation Rate (2006 based)
(in percent)
All Items 3.4
Food and Non-alcoholic Beverage 3.3
Rice 2.2
Corn 2.4
Meat 5.0
Fish 6.5
Fruits 7.7
Vegetables 3.4
Costs and Returns of Production
Costs and Returns of Production, ARMM, 2012
Item Palay Corn
(in pesos)
Cost of Production per Hectare 38,346 26,152
Cost of Production per Kilogram 14.33 10.22
Neth Returns 1,874 6,091
Farmgate Price per Kilogram 15.03 12.60
  • Philippine Statistics Authority
  • Land Management Bureau
    - Total land area