Philippine Statistics Authority
Total Land Area: 3,351,129 has.
Provinces: 5
Cities: 2
Municipalities: 116
Barangays: 2,490
Agricultural Land Area: 533,410 ha.
Temporary Crop Land: 282,687 ha.
Idle Land: 1,924 ha.
Permanent Crop Land: 235,761 ha.
Meadows/Pasture: 922 ha.
Forest Land: 2,407 ha.
Other Land: 6,919 ha.
Population (2010)
Total Population: 3,256,140
Growth Rate (2000-2010):  1.51 percent
Climate: Type III & IV
Dialect: Banguingui, Maguindanao, Maranao, Tausug, Yakan, Samal
Poverty incidence among families: 48.70 percent
Geographical Background

The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) is located in Southern part of the Philippines. It was created by virtue of the Republic Act No. 6734 which signed into Law by the Late President Cory C. Aquino on August 1, 1989. The plebiscite was conducted in the proposed area of ARMM on November 17, 1989. These were the provinces of Maguindanao, Lanao del Sur, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi.

The Region was strengthened and expanded through ratification of Republic Act No. 9054, amending for the purpose of Republic Act No. 6734, entitled "An Act Providing for the ARMM" as amended in September 2001. The plebiscite paved the way to the inclusion of the province of Basilan and the City of Marawi as part of ARMM.

GRDP and GVA in Agriculture, ARMM, 2012
Item At Current Prices At Constant 2000 Prices
(in million pesos)
GRDP 93,314 48,039
GVA 60,907 29,745
GRDP = Gross Regional Domestic Product
GVA = Gross Value Added in Agriculture, Fishery, and Forestry

ARMM contributed 0.76 percent to the country's Gross Domestic Product. In 2012, GRDP increased by 1.18 percent. Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing sector accounted for 61.92 percent of the regional economy. It recorded a 1.15 percent decline in 2012.

Production and Area, ARMM, 2012
Crop Production (metric ton) Area (hectare)
Palay 542,760 202,801
Corn 764,774 298,812

In 2012, palay production at 542,760 metric tons was 5.91 percent lower than 2011 level. Area harvested at 202,801 hectares increased by 1.64 percent. Corn production at 764,774 metric tons dropped by 4.00 percent. Area harvested was 298,812 hectares, higher by 5.17 percent from the 2011 record.

Gross Output in Agriculture: Growth Rate by Subsector, ARMM, 2012
Sector Growth Rate 2011-2012 (percent)
Agriculture (1.03)
Crops 1.19
Livestock (15.27)
Poultry (0.97)
Fisheries (4.51)

In 2012, agriculture in ARMM decreased by 1.03 percent. This was due to the output declines in the livestock, poultry and fisheries subsectors by 15.27 percent, 0.97 percent and 4.51 percent, respectively. A production gain of 1.19 percent was noted in the crop subsector which comprised 71.26 percent of the total agricultural production of the region.

Top Agricultural Commodities, ARMM, 2012
Commodity Production Growth Rate Share to Total Agricultural Output of the Region Rank of the Region in the National Production
---------- (in percent) ----------
Cassava 1.14 19.85 1st
Corn (4.00) 14.46 4th
Palay (5.91) 13.66 11th
Coconut 3.31 12.85 6th
Seaweed (8.32) 6.02 1st

Cassava, corn, palay, coconut and seaweed were top five commodities produced in the region. These commodities contributed 66.84 percent to the region's agricultural output. ARMM ranked 1st in the production of cassava and seaweed.

Employment and Wages
Total Employment (CY2012)
	= 1,229,000 persons

Agricultural Employment
	= 861,000 persons

   By Sex:
	  Male = 649,000 persons
	  Female = 212,000 persons
Daily Agricultural Wage Rate by Sex, ARMM, 2012
Sex Nominal Real
(in pesos)
Male 213.44 150.63
Female 202.54 142.94
Both 212.77 150.15
The 2012 employment in ARMM totalled 1,229,000 persons, of which 70 percent were employed in agriculture. Majority of the agricultural workers at 75.38 percent were males.
Inflation Rate by Item, ARMM, 2012
Item Inflation Rate (2006 based)
(in percent)
All Items 3.1
Food and Non-alcoholic Beverage 3.3
Rice 3.5
Corn (4.5)
Meat 3.1
Fish 6.9
Fruits 9.5
Vegetables 0.6
Costs and Returns of Production
Costs and Returns of Production, ARMM, 2012
Item Palay Corn
(in pesos)
Cost of Production per Hectare 38,346 26,152
Net Returns 14.33 10.22
Cost of Production per Kilogram 1,874 6,091
Farmgate Price per Kilogram 15.03 12.60
  • Bureau of Agricultural Statistics
  • National Statistical Coordination Board
    - GRDP, GVA, and Poverty Incidence
  • Land Management Bureau
    - Total land area
  • National Statistics Office
    - Agricultural land area by land use, Population, Employment and Inflation rate