Philippine Statistics Authority
Click on the picture to view agricultural situation in the region.
Rio Grande de Mindanao is the second largest river system in the Philippines, after the Cagayan River of Luzon.
Bongao Peak in Tawi-Tawi is monkey sanctuary. The monkeys here are so tame. They can imitate the movements of people they see.
Sitangkai: The Venice of the Far East.
ARMM is No. 1 in the seaweed production in the Philippines.
Total Land Area: 3,351,129 has.
Provinces: 5
Cities: 2
Municipalities: 116
Barangays: 2,490
Agricultural Land Area: 533,410 ha.
Temporary Crop Land: 282,687 ha.
Idle Land: 1,924 ha.
Permanent Crop Land: 235,761 ha.
Meadows/Pasture: 922 ha.
Forest Land: 2,407 ha.
Other Land: 6,919 ha.
Population (2010)
Total Population: 3,256,140
Growth Rate (2000-2010):  1.51 percent
Climate: Type III & IV
Dialect: Banguingui, Maguindanao, Maranao, Tausug, Yakan, Samal
Poverty incidence among families: 38.10 percent
Geographical Background

The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) is located in Southern part of the Philippines. It was created by virtue of the Republic act No. 6734 which signed into Law by the Late President Cory C. Aquino on August 1, 1989. The plebiscite was conducted in the proposed area of ARMM on November 17, 1989. These were the provinces of Maguindanao, Lanao del Sur, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi.

The Region was strengthened and expanded through ratification of Republic Act No. 9054, amending for the purpose of Republic Act No. 6734, entitled "An Act Providing for the ARMM" as amended in September 2001, the plebiscite paved way to the inclusion of the Province of Basilan and the City of Marawi as part of ARMM.

GRDP and GVA in Agriculture, ARMM, 2011
Item At Current Prices At Constant 2000 Prices
(in million pesos)
GRDP 86,048 45,212
GVA 58,287 28,505
GRDP = Gross Regional Domestic Product
GVA = Gross Value Added in Agriculture, Fishery, and Forestry

ARMM contributed 0.76 percent to the country’s Gross Domestic Product. In 2011, GRDP declined by 1.00 percent. Agriculture, Fishery and Forestry Sector accounted for 63.10 percent of the regional economy. It recorded a 2.30 percent decline in 2011.

Production and Area, ARMM, 2011
Crop Production (metric ton) Area (hectare)
Palay 576,873 199,524
Corn 796,661 284,128

In 2011, palay production was 576,873 metric tons. It was 7.45 percent lower than 2010 level. Area harvested at 199,524 hectares decreased by 3.90 percent from 2010 record. Corn production at 796,661 metric tons and area at 284,128 hectares decreased by 6.90 percent and 9.03 percent from 2010 levels, respectively.

Gross Output in Agriculture: Growth Rate by Subsector, ARMM, 2011
Sector Growth Rate 2010-2011 (percent)
Agriculture (2.17)
Crops (3.67)
Livestock 3.30
Poultry (5.73)
Fisheries 1.73

In 2011, agricultural production decreased by 2.17 percent. This was due to the output declines in Crops and Poultry Sector by 3.67 and 5.73 percent, respectively. The crop subsector comprised 69.89 percent of the total agricultural production in ARMM in 2011. The Fisheries subsector accounted for 22.91 percent recorded a 1.73 percent growth in production.

Top Agricultural Commodities, ARMM, 2011
Commodity Production Growth Rate Share to Total Agricultural Output of the Region Rank of the Region in the National Production
---------- (in percent) ----------
Cassava (0.14) 19.48 1st
Corn (6.90) 14.95 4th
Palay (7.46) 14.41 11th
Coconut 1.16 12.35 6th
Banana 5.13 3.27 4th
Cattle (0.07) 2.07 11th

Cassava, palay, corn, coconut and banana were the major crops in the region. These contributed 64 percent to the region's agricultural output. ARMM ranked 1st in the production of cassava. The region placed 4th in the production of corn and banana.

Employment and Wages
Total Employment (CY2011)
	= 1,145,000 persons

Agricultural Employment
	= 799,000 persons

   By Sex:
	  Male = 617,000 persons
	  Female = 182,000 persons
Daily Agricultural Wage Rate by Sex, ARMM, 2011
Sex Nominal Real
(in pesos)
Male 201.92 102.43
Female 199.79 101.35
Both 201.63 102.28
About 70 percent of the region's total employed persons were in the agriculture sector and 77 percent of them were male workers.
Inflation Rate by Item, ARMM, 2011
Item Inflation Rate (2006 based)
(in percent)
All Items 6.9
Food and Non-alcoholic Beverage 8.3
Rice 6.3
Corn (1.7)
Meat 4.5
Fish 17.4
Fruits 12.0
Vegetables 9.2
Costs and Returns of Production
Costs and Returns of Production, ARMM, 2010
Item Palay Corn
(in pesos)
Cost of Production per Hectare 36,785 23,194
Net Returns 9,206 3,302
Cost of Production per Kilogram 12.25 8.46
Farmgate Price per Kilogram 15.32 9.67
  • Bureau of Agricultural Statistics
  • National Statistical Coordination Board
    - GRDP, GVA, and Poverty Incidence
  • Land Management Bureau
    - Total land area
  • National Statistics Office
    - Agricultural land area by land use, Population, Employment and Inflation rate