Philippine Statistics Authority
Total Land Area: 1,297,409 ha.
Provinces: 4
Cities: 9
Municipalities: 116
Barangays: 3,265
Agricultural Land Area: 270,664 ha.
Temporary Crop Land: 222,412 ha.
Idle Land: 1,588 ha.
Permanent Crop Land: 22,337 ha.
Meadows/Pasture: 1,932 ha.
Forest Land: 2,610 ha.
Other Land: 19,785 ha.
Population (2010)
Total Population: 4,748,372
Growth Rate (2000-2010): 1.23 percent
Climate: Type I
Dialect: Ilocano, Pangasinense, Tagalog, and Bolinao
Poverty incidence among families (%) 2012: 14.00 percent
Geographical Background

Ilocos Region (Region I) came into existence on September 24, 1972 when provinces of the Philippines were organized into 11 regions by Presidential Decree No.1 of the Integrated Plan of President Ferdinand Marcos.

Region I is located in the northwest of Luzon. In its eastern borders are regions of Cordillera Administrative Region and Cagayan Valley and in the south is Central Luzon. To the west north is the West Philippine Sea.

GRDP and GVA in Agriculture, Ilocos Region, 2013
Item At Current Prices At Constant 2000 Prices
(in million pesos)
GRDP 359,707 209,037
GVA 93,065 51,371
GRDP = Gross Regional Domestic Product
GVA = Gross Value Added in Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry, and Fishing

Ilocos Region contributed 3.09 percent to the country's GDP in 2013. Its GRDP increased by 7.74 percent. Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing sector accounted for 24.58 percent of the regional economy. It grew by 2.14 percent in 2013.

Production and Area, Ilocos Region, 2013
Crop Production (metric ton) Area (hectare)
Palay 1,750,057 406,813
Corn 447,503 84,106

Palay production in 2013 improved by 0.71 percent from previous year's level. Area harvested expanded by 0.90 percent but yield was down by 0.19 percent. Corn production grew by 2.94 percent and this was contributed by the 1.59 percent increase in area harvested. Corn yield per hectare went up by 1.33 percent.

Gross Output in Agriculture: Growth Rate by Subsector, Ilocos Region, 2012
Sector Growth Rate 2012-2013 (percent)
Agriculture 2.22
Crops 1.12
Livestock 1.95
Poultry (0.54)
Fisheries 7.89

Agricultural production in Ilocos Region posted a 2.22 percent increment in 2013. This was contributed by the positive performances in the crops, livestock, and fisheries subsectors. Correspondingly, output increases were 1.12 percent, 1.95 percent, and 7.89 percent. The crops subsector shared 59.20 percent in the total agricultural output. Meanwhile, output of the poultry subsector went down by 0.54 percent and it accounted for 10.08 percent in the region's agricultural production.

Top Agricultural Commodities, Ilocos Region, 2013
Commodity Name Production Growth Rate Share to Total Agricultural Output of the Region Rank of the Region in the National Production
---------- (in percent) ----------
Palay 0.71 27.71 4th
Milkfish 11.14 12.76 1st
Mango (1.75) 9.24 1st
Chicken 2.29 8.24 6th
Hog 1.55 7.97 10th

The five major commodities produced in Ilocos shared 66.02 percent in the region's total agricultural output. Palay was the leading commodity with its 27.71 percent contribution and the region ranked 4th in production. Ilocos Region is the country's number one (1) producer of mango and milkfish in 2013.

Employment and Wages
Total Employment (CY2013)
	= 1,954,000 persons

Agricultural Employment
	= 649,000 persons

   By Sex:
	  Male = 502,000 persons
	  Female = 147,000 persons
Daily Agricultural Wage Rate by Sex, Ilocos Region, 2013
Sex Nominal Real
(in pesos)
Male 302.68 238.68
Female 282.54 222.79
Both 300.41 236.89
About 33.21 percent of the total employment in Ilocos Region were absorbed by the agriculture sector. Of this, 77.35 percent were male workers.
Inflation Rate by Item, Ilocos Region, 2013
Item Inflation Rate (2006 based)
(in percent)
All Items 2.3
Food and Non-alcoholic Beverage 2.0
Rice 3.5
Corn 9.3
Meat 0.6
Fish 2.1
Fruit 2.0
Vegetables 1.7
Costs and Returns of Production
Costs and Returns of Production, Ilocos Region, 2012
Item Palay Corn
(in pesos)
Cost of Production per Hectare 52,795 48,389
Cost of Production per Kilogram 12.25 9.22
Net Returns 21,639 24,600
Farmgate Price per Kilogram 17.27 13.90
  • Philippine Statistics Authority
  • Land Management Bureau
    - Total land area