Philippine Statistics Authority
Click on the picture to view agricultural situation in the region.
Pangasinan is noted for its Dagupan bangus (milkfish).
The 20 humongous Windmills of Bangui can be seen from Saud Beach in Pagudpud, Ilocos Norte. These windmills have been steadily gaining popularity among travelers to the Philippines.
Mestizo District, a UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Ilocos Sur, contains the largest concentration of still preserved ancestral homes and other colonial-era architecture in the Philippines, built by Chinese merchants who settled in Vigan.
The Quezon Island is the largest of the Hundred Islands National Park, and the most crowded during tourist season.
San Juan Beach, La Union - Regarded as the "Surfing Capital of the North," this stretch of white sand beach facing the South China Sea is a must-go place for surfers and watersports lovers.
Total Land Area: 1,297,409 ha.
Provinces: 4
Cities: 9
Municipalities: 116
Barangays: 3,265
Agricultural Land Area: 270,664 ha.
Temporary Crop Land: 222,412 ha.
Idle Land: 1,588 ha.
Permanent Crop Land: 22,337 ha.
Meadows/Pasture: 1,932 ha.
Forest Land: 2,610 ha.
Other Land: 18,012 ha.
Population (2010)
Total Population: 4,748,372
Growth Rate (2000-2010):  1.23 percent
Climate: Type I
Dialect: Ilocano, Pangasinense, Tagalog, and Bolinao
Poverty incidence among families: 17.8 percent
Geographical Background

Ilocos Region (Region I) came into existence on September 24, 1972 when provinces of the Philippines were organized into 11 regions by Presidential Decree No.1 of the Integrated Plan of President Ferdinand Marcos.

The Region is located in the northwest of Luzon. In its eastern borders are regions of Cordillera Administrative Region and Cagayan Valley and in the south is Central Luzon. To the west north is the West Philippine Sea.

GRDP and GVA in Agriculture, Ilocos Region, 2011
Item At Current Prices At Constant 2000 Prices
(in million pesos)
GRDP 293,918 185,736
GVA 75,097 46,141
GRDP = Gross Regional Domestic Product
GVA = Gross Value Added in Agriculture, Fishery, and Forestry

Ilocos Region contributed 3.1 percent to the country’s Gross Domestic Product. In 2011, GRDP increased by 2.95 percent from the 2010 level. Agriculture, Fishery and Forestry accounted for 24.84 percent of the regional economy. It grew by 1.70 percent in 2011.

Production and Area, Ilocos Region, 2011
Crop Production (metric ton) Area (hectare)
Palay 1,602,814 392,417
Corn 387,882 77,183

Palay production in 2011 increased by 2.85 percent from the previous year's level. Area harvested decreased by 0.43 percent but yield managed to gain 3.30 percent from 2010 level. Corn Production and area harvested grew by 8.21 percent and 2.44 percent, respectively. Corn yield went up by 5.63 percent.

Gross Output in Agriculture: Growth Rate by Subsector, Ilocos Region, 2011
Sector Growth Rate 2010-2011 (percent)
Agriculture 2.61
Crops 1.22
Livestock 1.34
Poultry 0.18
Fisheries 10.40

In 2011, production in agriculture increased by 2.61 percent. All subsectors posted positive growth in production. The crop subsector comprised 60 percent of agricultural production. Fisheries subsector shared 17 percent and livestock and poultry, 23 percent.

Top Agricultural Commodities, Ilocos Region, 2011
Commodity Name Production Growth Rate Share to Total Agricultural Output of the Region Rank of the Region in the National Production
---------- (in percent) ----------
Palay 2.85 27.16 4th
Mango (4.92) 10.50 1st
Chicken 0.60 8.08 6th
Hog 2.76 7.81 11th
Corn 8.21 5.58 5th
Cattle (1.79) 2.38 2nd
Tobacco 10.43 2.25 1st

The seven (7) major commodities produced in the region shared 63.77 percent in the region's total agricultural output. Palay accounted for more than one-fourth of the agricultural output. Ilocos Region is the country's number one (1) producer of mango and tobacco in 2011.

Employment and Wages
Total Employment (CY2011)
	= 1,982,000 persons

Agricultural Employment
	= 764,000 persons

   By Sex:
	  Male = 588,000 persons
	  Female = 176,000 persons
Daily Agricultural Wage Rate by Sex, Ilocos Region, 2011
Sex Nominal Real
(in pesos)
Male 274.21 162.54
Female 248.53 147.32
Both 271.95 161.20
About 39 percent of the region's total employment were absorbed by the agriculture sector. Of this, 77 percent were male workers.
Inflation Rate by Item, Ilocos Region, 2011
Item Inflation Rate (2006 based)
(in percent)
All Items 3.8
Food and Non-alcoholic Beverage 3.7
Rice 1.3
Corn 14.2
Meat 1.1
Fish 4.4
Fruit 9.2
Vegetables 14.5
Costs and Returns of Production
Costs and Returns of Production, Ilocos Region, 2010
Item Palay Corn
(in pesos)
Cost of Production per Hectare 48,289 44,663
Cost of Production per Kilogram 12.21 9.39
Net Returns 12,682 13,385
Farmgate Price per Kilogram 15.42 12.20
  • Bureau of Agricultural Statistics
  • National Statistical Coordination Board
    - GRDP, GVA, and Poverty Incidence
  • Land Management Bureau
    - Total land area
  • National Statistics Office
    - Agricultural land area by land use, Population, Employment and Inflation rate