Philippine Statistics Authority
Total Land Area: 1,297,409 ha.
Provinces: 4
Cities: 9
Municipalities: 116
Barangays: 3,265
Agricultural Land Area: 270,664 ha.
Temporary Crop Land: 222,412 ha.
Idle Land: 1,588 ha.
Permanent Crop Land: 22,337 ha.
Meadows/Pasture: 1,932 ha.
Forest Land: 2,610 ha.
Other Land: 19,785 ha.
Population (2010)
Total Population: 4,748,372
Growth Rate (2000-2010):  1.23 percent
Climate: Type I
Dialect: Ilocano, Pangasinense, Tagalog, and Bolinao
Poverty incidence among families(%) 2012: 14.00 percent
Geographical Background

Ilocos Region (Region I) came into existence on September 24, 1972 when provinces of the Philippines were organized into 11 regions by Presidential Decree No.1 of the Integrated Plan of President Ferdinand Marcos.

Region I is located in the northwest of Luzon. In its eastern borders are regions of Cordillera Administrative Region and Cagayan Valley and in the south is Central Luzon. To the west north is the West Philippine Sea.

GRDP and GVA in Agriculture, Ilocos Region, 2012
Item At Current Prices At Constant 2000 Prices
(in million pesos)
GRDP 326,245 193,742
GVA 89,867 50,293
GRDP = Gross Regional Domestic Product
GVA = Gross Value Added in Agriculture, Fishery, and Forestry

Ilocos Region contributed 3.07 percent to the country's GDP in 2012. Its GRDP increased by 5.15 percent from the 2011 level. Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing accounted for 25.96 percent of the regional economy. It grew by 3.70 percent in 2012.

Production and Area, Ilocos Region, 2012
Crop Production (metric ton) Area (hectare)
Palay 1,737,695 403,169
Corn 434,720 82,793

Palay production in 2012 improved by 8.42 percent from previous year's level. Area harvested grew by 2.74 percent and yield was up by 5.64 percent. Corn production grew by 12.08 percent and this was contributed by the 7.27 percent increase in area harvested. Corn yield per hectare went up by 4.37 percent.

Gross Output in Agriculture: Growth Rate by Subsector, Ilocos Region, 2012
Sector Growth Rate 2011-2012 (percent)
Agriculture 3.89
Crops 4.67
Livestock 4.96
Poultry 6.07
Fisheries (0.65)

Agricultural production in Ilocos Region posted a 3.89 percent increment in 2012. This was contributed by the positive performances in the crops, livestock, and poultry subsectors. The crops subsector shared 59.84 percent in the total agricultural output while livestock and poultry subsectors contributed 22.92 percent. Meanwhile, output of the fisheries subsector went down by 0.65 percent and it accounted for 17.24 percent to the total agricultural production.

Top Agricultural Commodities, Ilocos Region, 2012
Commodity Name Production Growth Rate Share to Total Agricultural Output of the Region Rank of the Region in the National Production
---------- (in percent) ----------
Palay 8.42 28.12 4th
Corn 12.08 5.98 5th
Mango (4.16) 9.61 1st
Milkfish 2.60 11.74 1st
Hog 7.58 8.03 11th
Chicken 7.99 8.33 6th

The six major commodities produced in Ilocos shared 71.81 percent in the region's total agricultural output. Palay was the leading commodity with its 28.12 percent contribution. Ilocos Region is the country's number one (1) producer of mango and milkfish in 2012.

Employment and Wages
Total Employment (CY2012)
	= 1,915,000 persons

Agricultural Employment
	= 698,000 persons

   By Sex:
	  Male = 544,000 persons
	  Female = 154,000 persons
Daily Agricultural Wage Rate by Sex, Ilocos Region, 2012
Sex Nominal Real
(in pesos)
Male 289.20 233.79
Female 272.62 220.39
Both 286.53 231.63
About 36.45 percent of the total employment in the Ilocos Region were absorbed by the agriculture sector. Of this, 77.94 percent were male workers.
Inflation Rate by Item, Ilocos Region, 2012
Item Inflation Rate (2006 based)
(in percent)
All Items 1.6
Food and Non-alcoholic Beverage 1.5
Rice 0.4
Corn 4.6
Meat 0.2
Fish 7.1
Fruit 6.1
Vegetables 0.0
Costs and Returns of Production
Costs and Returns of Production, Ilocos Region, 2012
Item Palay Corn
(in pesos)
Cost of Production per Hectare 52,795 48,389
Cost of Production per Kilogram 12.25 9.22
Net Returns 21,639 24,600
Farmgate Price per Kilogram 17.27 13.90
  • Bureau of Agricultural Statistics
  • National Statistical Coordination Board
    - GRDP, GVA, and Poverty Incidence
  • Land Management Bureau
    - Total land area
  • National Statistics Office
    - Agricultural land area by land use, Population, Employment and Inflation rate